Hand chisel species
Hand chisel species
Chisel types and usage presentation - tool is the most direct assistant and partner in the creation of sculptor. In the fabrication process of carving, chisel and auxiliary tools play an important role. As the saying goes: "People Qiao wonderful nurturing belongings", "craft-thirds seven belongings." How to look at a person's craft, just look at his tools will be able to know, and maintenance grooming tools, but also to prove the level of the quality of workers. Creation in woodcarving tools available, will wear will be used, not only can improve efficiency, but also in the shape can give full play to their skills, so that the purification of a knife cutting operation easy, clear and smooth, increase the artistic expression of works.
There are many types of chisel, basically divided into two major categories. One is "Weng tubular" blank knife, commonly known as "cut Oare", "blank knife", one is "boring bar" repair knife, mainly used for digging thin stock and wiper. Widest chisel 4-6 cm, the narrowest only the tip of the chisel so little. Beginner woodcarving in their choice of the tool, we must first understand their own use, and then to the place of origin, manufacturer or smithy customized purchase. Billet knife Zhejiang Dongyang, Wenzhou Yueqing and Suzhou Guangfu produced as well, some local art materials supply stores can buy more appropriate woodcarving tools. If the case is inconvenient or not buy, you can learn to do it themselves, do their own benefit but also that regardless of the type of blade, size and shape, you can decide by their own choice, according to different uses and needs at any time purchase handy tool. But homemade tools limited to the wiper with "boring bar." Some people tried to use file conversion into steel billet knife. Fujian with blanks like knives and finishing knife are playing directly with iron bars or steel bars from the system, because it was above the iron handle square, do not install the wooden handle Hao beat blanks. The following will be the kind of wood carving knife and use its production methods introduced one by one.
Blade circular arc, used round and round dent at the traditional flower carving is also very useful, such as a round face mosaic, flower petals and stems are required circular knife conformal treatment. Round knife knife transverse feed more effort, to big ups and downs, small changes can adapt. Lines and circular knives are not sure, use a flexible and easy to explore. According to different purposes, circular knife models should be different, the size range substantially between 5 cm -0.5 cm. The characters do Yuandiao edge corners to rub off, circular arc, when otherwise carved drapery or other indentations, not only can not move, but also damaged both sides of the dent channel. If do when relief should be retained edge corners, and use its features carved sharp angle to the corner of the child, and therefore to be equipped with two kinds. There are pros and cons of the other round knife, bevel groove knife blade was straight positive opening round knife, which eat the wood is deep, the most suitable for sculpture in the round, especially in the knockout stage and dig blank. Bevel on the back of a knife, as the tank was straight back on circular knives, wooden eating live relatively deep, you can go flat knife or tick, the greater the use in relief. The shape of circular knives made of iron but also required a curved shape, in order to dig deeper parts carved into his hole.
Edge was flat, mainly for Pixiao wood surface irregularities leveled, smoothed trace. Large models can also be used for cutting large, there is a sense of block surface, use well, such as brush strokes of painting, appears vigorous and effective, vivid and natural. Flat knife acute angle can be engraved lines, you can eliminate knife engraved pattern when the foot or two knives intersect. Sweden and the Soviet Union carved wooden figure on multi-level tool, there is a strong interest knife wood flavor.
Beveled blade 45 degrees, mainly for joint work and hollow corner slit for picking angle wiper. Corner office if carved figures, oblique knife easier to use. Riving knife is divided into forehand and backhand oblique oblique to suit all directions. Carved hair silk thread usually oblique knife, used briefly in Shanghai boxwood carvings, the twist way luck knife, carve a hair better than with a triangular Daoke even more vivid and natural.
Yu Wan knife
Commonly known as "knuckle", "butterfly chisel", circular arc edge, a knife between rounded and flat knife between the light knife, divide arcs and oblique arc two. When the flat circular knife blade and they can not be cast in place to complete. Characterized by a more moderate, not so straight like a flat plate knife, circular knife so unlike furrow, for use on concave and downs.
Edge flat slope on both sides. Also known as the "Indian knife." Traditional carving that: in the middle of the steel blade mouth, use it to fight the blank may remain front is straight, so that the remaining portion is vibrated around. Steel is also used in design patterns imprinted on the character costumes and props.
Triangular blade, because about two frontal sides set sharp point on the corner. Making triangle knife to choose suitable tool steel (generally 4-6 mm round), 55 degrees -60 degrees milled triangular groove, the two waist polished, its port side ground blade. Angle, carve lines on the rough, on the contrary it fine. The main part of the triangular knife cut hair for decoration lined engraved, but also when the watermark woodcut prints Art Engraving a tool commonly used when operating the triangular tip on the board forward, sawdust discharged from the tank triangle, triangle nose pushed through the it depicts lines to. When choosing to use the above tools, pay attention to grasp the difference in thickness blade applications. The so-called head, is the period of actual use of the flank. The thinner blade sharp, but fastness worse. According to this, the tip may be appropriate to open blank thicker to withstand hammer percussion and forced to dig scratch; the wiper blade with the thinner, so-called thin knife dense piece of wood carved before the gap was not smooth . In short, the tool select the configuration must be in strict accordance with the process of nature and can not substitute, but also in terms of quantity and quality should be guaranteed, in the tradition of carving, wood carving tools are often as many as a hundred pieces, the process is generally the least also 30, of course, often use only a small part, and some only occasionally use it.